This is a list of countries in Europe with their English and domestic language long and short names and associated capital cities.

The divisions between Asia and Europe occur at the Ural Mountains, Ural River and Caspian Sea in the east, the Caucasus Mountains and the Black Sea with its outlets, Bosporus and Dardanelles in the south. Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russia and Turkey are considered part of both Europe and Asia. Armenia and Cyprus, which are entirely in Western Asia, are sociopolitically European countries.

Sovereign states

Flag Map English Short Name English Long Name Capital     
Flag of Albania.svg
Europe map albania.png Albania Republic of Albania  Tirana  
Flag of Andorra.svg
Europe map andorra.png Andorra Principality of Andorra  Andorra la Vella
Flag of Armenia.svg
Europe map armenia.png Armenia Republic of Armenia Yerevan
Flag of Austria.svg
Europe map austria.png Austria Republic of Austria Vienna
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg
Europe map azerbaijan.png Azerbaijan Republic of Azerbaijan Baku
Flag of Belarus.svg
Europe map belarus.png Belarus Republic of Belarus Minsk
Flag of Belgium.svg
Europe map belgium.png Belgium Kingdom of Belgium Brussels
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg
Europe map bosnia.png Bosnia and Herzegovina Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo
Flag of Bulgaria.svg
Europe map bulgaria.png Bulgaria Republic of Bulgaria  Sofia
Flag of Croatia.svg
Europe map croatia.png Croatia Republic of Croatia Zagreb
Flag of Cyprus.svg
Europe map cyprus.png Cyprus Republic of Cyprus Nicosia  
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
Europe map czechia.png Czechia Czech Republic Prague
Flag of Denmark.svg
Europe map denmark.png Denmark Kingdom of Denmark Copenhagen
Flag of Estonia.svg
Europe map estonia.png Estonia Republic of Estonia Tallinn
Flag of Finland.svg
Europe map finland.png Finland Republic of Finland Helsinki
Flag of France.svg
Europe map france.png France French Republic Paris
Flag of Georgia.svg
Europe map georgia.png Georgia Republic of Georgia  Tbilisi
Flag of Germany.svg
Europe map germany.png Germany Federal Republic of Germany Berlin
Flag of Greece.svg
Europe map greece.png Greece Hellenic Republic Athens
Flag of Hungary.svg
Europe map hungary.png Hungary Republic of Hungary Budapest
Flag of Iceland.svg
Europe map iceland.png Iceland Republic of Iceland Reykjavík
Flag of Ireland.svg
Europe map ireland.png Ireland Republic of Ireland Dublin  
Flag of Italy.svg
Europe map italy.png Italy Italian Republic Rome
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg
Europe map kazakhstan.png Kazakhstan Republic of Kazakhstan Astana
Flag of Latvia.svg
Europe map latvia.png Latvia Republic of Latvia Riga
Flag of Liechtenstein.svg
Europe map liechtenstein.png Liechtenstein Principality of Liechtenstein Vaduz
Flag of Lithuania.svg
Europe map lithuania.png Lithuania Republic of Lithuania Vilnius
Flag of Luxembourg.svg
Europe map luxembourg.png Luxembourg Grand Duchy of Luxembourg Luxembourg City
Flag of Macedonia.svg
Europe map macedonia.png Macedonia Republic of Macedonia Skopje
Flag of Malta.svg
Europe map malta.png Malta Republic of Malta Valletta
Flag of Moldova.svg
Europe map moldova.png Moldova Republic of Moldova Chisinau
Flag of Monaco.svg
Europe map monaco.png Monaco Principality of Monaco Monaco
Flag of Montenegro.svg
Europe map montenegro.png Montenegro Republic of Montenegro  Podgorica  
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Europe map netherlands.png Netherlands Kingdom of the Netherlands Amsterdam (capital)
The Hague (seat of government)
Flag of Norway.svg
Europe map norway.png Norway Kingdom of Norway Oslo
Flag of Poland.svg
Europe map poland.png Poland Republic of Poland Warsaw
Flag of Portugal.svg
Europe map portugal.png Portugal Portuguese Republic Lisbon
Flag of Romania.svg
Europe map romania.png Romania    Bucharest
Flag of Russia.svg
Europe map russia.png Russia Russian Federation Moscow
Flag of San Marino.svg
Europe map sanmarino.png San Marino Most Serene Republic of San Marino City of San Marino
Flag of Serbia.svg
Europe map serbia.png Serbia Republic of Serbia Belgrade
Flag of Slovakia.svg
Europe map slovakia.png Slovakia Slovak Republic Bratislava
Flag of Slovenia.svg
Europe map slovenia.png Slovenia Republic of Slovenia Ljubljana
Flag of Spain.svg
Europe map spain.png Spain Kingdom of Spain Madrid
Flag of Sweden.svg
Europe map sweden.png Sweden Kingdom of Sweden Stockholm
Flag of Switzerland.svg
Europe map switzerland.png Switzerland Swiss Confederation Bern
Flag of Turkey.svg
Europe map turkey.png Turkey Republic of Turkey Ankara
Flag of Ukraine.svg
Europe map ukraine.png Ukraine    Kiev
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
Europe map uk.png United Kingdom United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland  London  
Flag of the Vatican City.svg
Europe map vatican.png Vatican City
Holy See
State of the Vatican City Vatican City  


Partially recognised states

The following geo-political entities in Europe have partial diplomatic recognition by one or more sovereign states.

Flag Map English Short Name English Long Name Capital
Flag of Abkhazia.svg
Location of Abkhazia in Europe2.png Abkhazia   Sukhumi  
Flag of Kosovo.svg
Kosovo in Balkans.png Kosovo Republic of Kosovo  Pristina
Flag of Nagorno-Karabakh.svg
Location Nagorno-Karabakh en.png Nagorno-Karabakh Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Stepanakert
Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg
TRNC location.svg Northern Cyprus Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Lefkoşa
Flag of South Ossetia.svg
Location of South Ossetia in Europe2.png South Ossetia   Tskhinvali  
Flag of Transnistria.svg
Transnistria-map.png Transnistria Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic Tiraspol  


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