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Archive for 28 diciembre 2011

Stress in the workplace

A surgeon and a pilotRob And Neil discuss a rise in the number of people suffering from stress in the workplace.

The question is: According to a survey carried out this year, what is considered to be the most stressful job? Is it:

a) A commercial airline pilot

b) A school teacher

c) A surgeon

Listen out for the answer at the end of the programme!

-Written text_pdf

-Audio

-Vocabulary to understand the text:

stress

a feeling of tension and worry

absence

being unavailable

tough

difficult, hard

employees

people who are paid to work for somebody

taking its toll

causing suffering, harm or damage

public sector

part of the economy that is controlled or supported financially by the government

organisational change

replacing the structure of a workplace with a different one

job security

the probability of someone keeping their job for a long time

redundancies

jobs which will stop existing

a strategy

a plan to achieve something

counselling

professional advice about a problem, often relating to mental health

Handwriting for the modern age

FontsRob and Cath talk about fonts and how the choice of fonts can indicate what type of person you are.

The question is: Do you know which language the word ‘font’ originates from? Is it:

a) Spanish

b) German

c) French

Listen out for the answer at the end of the programme!

-Written text-pdf

-Audio

-Vocabulary to understand this text:

fonts

different styles and sizes of letters that are used in printing or typing

an array

a group or collection of things or people, often large or impressive

typography

the way of preparing and arranging printed material, especially designing how text will appear when it’s printed

calligraphy

the art of producing beautiful handwriting often using a brush or a special pen

unsophisticated

simple and basic

characteristics

qualities or features that are typical of someone or something

humanitarian

concerned with reducing suffering and improving the conditions that people live in

competent

efficient and effective

loathed

disliked very much

jaunty

light-hearted, full of confidence and energetic

Aboriginal bones

Aboriginal art (left), Aboriginal woman (right)Rob and Cath talk about why it’s important that Aboriginal bones, which were kept in museums, are being returned to their people.

The  question is:

Where in your body would you find the humerus bone? In your:

a) leg

b) arm

c) head

Listen out for the answer at the end of the programme!

-Written text-pdf

-Audio

-The vocabulary to understand the text is:

native

A native of a country or region is somebody who was born there.

artefacts

An object which is of interest to archaeologists, usually something made by humans.

ancestors

The people we are descended from: our parents, grandparents, etc.

indigenous

People who originally belonged to a place.

safekeeping

To look after something for someone.

torment

Extreme unhappiness, pain or upset.

ceremony

A formal or religious event, such as a wedding or a burial.

rituals

Actions which are traditionally carried out in a particular situation or ceremony.

moving

Something that makes you feel very emotional.

embracing

To put your arms around somebody or something.

lobby

A group of people who work together to persuade an organisation to do something.

Succession

William and KateRob and Stephen talk about new changes to ancient laws about succession in the British monarchy.

The question is: This is a royal question! Can you tell me which King did the current British Queen, Queen Elizabeth the Second, succeed? Was it:

a) King George the Fifth

b) King George the Sixth

c) King Edward the Eighth

Listen out for the answer at the end of the programme!

-Written text-pdf

-Audio

-The vocabulary to understand the text is:

succession

act or process of following in order or sequence

monarch

a king or queen who reigns over a country

abdicates

gives up a position of being a king or a queen

outdated

no longer useful or relevant

approval

a positive opinion of someone or something

dominance

preference of something or someone over other similar things or persons

ruled out

prevented from happening or from being possible

historic

important in history

reforms

changes and improvements to the law, social system or institution

implementing

carrying out a plan, system or law

Gaffes

Barack Obama and Nicolas SarkozySarkozy told Obama that the Israeli Prime Minister was a liar. It was a private conversation. The only problem was the microphone was turned on. Find out about this and other political gaffes with Neil and Callum.

The question is: A question about Presidents. Who is the President of Germany? Is it:

a) Angela Merkel

b) Christian Wulff

c) Jurgen Klinsmann

Listen out for the answer at the end of the programme!

-Written text-pdf

-Audio

-The vocabulary to understand the text is:

political gaffes

something a politician says or does which wasn’t meant to be heard and causes embarrassment or offence

overheard

heard something without meaning to or without the speakers’ knowledge

ethically unsound

below the standards of their profession

deference

a politeness and respect for someone or something

bigoted

a person with strong and unreasonable opinions which they won’t change despite evidence

the final nail in the coffin

the last in a series of events leading to the failure of something

legislation

laws

Night Skies

Stars in the night skyThe best places to see stars are the darkest places on the planet, like deserts and mountain tops. Recently, it has been discovered that Exmoor National Park, in south-west England, is one of the best places in the UK to see stars because it’s so dark there at night. It’s even been awarded special protection status. Find out more about this with Neil and Callum.

The question is: how many moons has the biggest planet in the solar system, Jupiter, got? Is it:

a) 1

b) 12

c) 64

Listen out for the answer at the end of the programme!

-Written text-pdf

-Audio

-The vocabulary to understand this text is:

light pollution

artificial light at night which makes the night sky lighter and means stars can’t be seen very well

twinkling

describes the way light from stars seems to shine strongly then weakly

satellite

an object which moves around a larger object in space

star gazer

someone who enjoys looking at stars

realm of opportunity

chances to explore a certain area of interest

amateur astronomers

people who study the stars as a hobby

TV Addicts

A man walking past televisions in a shopMost people can’t imagine life without TV, yet it’s only 75 years since regular broadcasting began. 

The question is: how many hours a week on average does someone in the UK watch television? Is it:

a) 20 hours

b) 30 hours

c) 40 hours

Listen out for the answer at the end of the programme!

Written text-pdf

-Audio

The vocabulary to understand the text is:

addict

someone who can’t stop doing something (usually something harmful like taking drugs but also time-consuming activities like watching TV)

medium

a method of communication, such as radio, TV or newspapers

telegraphy

a method of sending messages over long distances using radio or electric signals

to settle for (something)

to accept something less than you hoped for

visual

relating to what can be seen

experimental

new or being tried for the first time

mystical

relating to powers that we cannot understand

manufacturers

companies that produce things

high definition

a new, high standard for TV quality

spoilt for choice

a phrase meaning to have too many options or things to choose from

Volcano

Nyamulagira volcano erupting, Democratic Republic of CongoWhat’s the most dangerous thing you’ve done on holiday? In the Democratic Republic of Congo a very unusual – and possibly dangerous – tourist attraction has come into being. People are flocking to see an erupting volcano!

The question is: which country has the British government advised against all travel to. Is it:

a) Iraq

b) Somalia

c) Afghanistan

Listen out for the answer at the end of the programme!

-Audio

Written text-pdf

-Vocabulary to understand the text:

sheer

completely vertical

hair-raising

something so scary your hair stands up!

volatile

something that can change suddenly and unexpectedly

ravaged

harmed or damaged, nearly destroyed

mineral resources

things that are found naturally in the earth, such as tin, salt, coal

erupting volcano

a type of mountain which has hot melted rock, steam and ash bursting out of the top

lava

the hot liquid rock which comes out of a volcano and becomes solid as it cools

spewing out

pouring out quickly and in large quantities

proximity

closeness

to flee

to run away

endangered

a person, animal or place that is in danger of being harmed or destroyed

 

Robots

One of the robots in Robotville FestivalRobotville festival in London’s Science Museum celebrates some of the latest inventions in robot designs in the world. The festival features 20 robots from laboratories across Europe. In the programme we hear that robotics have developed rapidly in Europe for the past few years due to an increase in funding for research.

The question is: when was the word ‘robot’ first used to describe a machine that does the work for humans? Was it in:

a) 1880

b) 1900

c) 1920

Listen out for the answer at the end of the programme!

Written text-pdf

Audio

The vocabulary to understand this text is:

exhibition

a collection of things that are on show to the public

cutting-edge

the latest or most advanced

laboratories

rooms or buildings used for scientific research

mimic

to copy someone’s behaviour or speech

robotics

the science of designing and operating robots

domestic chores

regular and usually boring tasks you have to do at home

artificial intelligence

computers copying intelligent human behaviour

replica

a good copy of something

creepy

a strange or unpleasant feeling of fear

Witches!

A witch's eyesThe Pendle witches were a group of people in Lancashire, north-west England, who were hanged for using witchcraft in the seventeenth century. Recently, the remains of a seventeenth century house which may be linked to the witches was found in Pendle Hill.

The question is: How many people across Europe do you think were executed for witchcraft- the practice of magic – between the years 1500 and 1800? Was it:

a) 10,000 people

b) 20,000 people

c) 50,000 people

Listen out for the answer at the end of the programme!

-Audio

Written text-pdf

-This vocabulary will help you to understand better the text:

supernatural

unexplainable or abnormal. Often used in reference to ghostly or magical events

witchcraft

the practice of magic

tried for murder

accused of murder and taken to trial in court

folklore

traditional stories or myths passed down through generations

persecuted

treated unfairly or victimised

to curse

verb meaning to use a supernatural power to hurt someone

to cough up

to produce something, usually money

a stab in the dark

a wild guess

eerie

adjective meaning creepy, strange or frightening

New year resolutions!